STD

What is STD and How to Get STD Test

Sexually transmitted diseases are one of the major social and psychological problems of our time. Their social significance is determined by their high prevalence, the severity of the consequences for the health of sick people, the danger to society, the effect on the reproduction of offspring.

The causative agents of these diseases are transmitted from person to person mainly through sexual contact as a result of casual contact with unfamiliar or unfamiliar people. In 1974, on the recommendation of WHO, the term “sexually transmitted diseases” was decided to be replaced by “sexually transmitted diseases,” abbreviated as STDs.

In recent years, the incidence of STDs has increased significantly, which is associated with:

  • With early onset of sexual activity;
  • With frequent change of sexual partners;
  • Neglecting the use of condoms;
  • With insufficient sex education;
  • With self-medication, etc.

Most sexually transmitted diseases respond well to treatment. Without treatment, some can lead to minor health problems, but others lead to infertility, severe damage to the heart, blood vessels, joints. Some of the sexually transmitted infections can “doze” in the body for a long time, without showing their presence, but also have a detrimental effect on the body. It is important to know the manifestations of these diseases to see a doctor in time. The earlier treatment is started the higher its effectiveness.

The std testing is very important things. The “classic” venereal diseases include syphilis, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, etc. Besides, sexually transmitted diseases include chlamydia, urogenital candidiasis, genital herpes, viral hepatitis, AIDS, etc.

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by pallid treponema (spirochete), occurring with periodic remissions and exacerbations, and the formation of foci of inflammation in tissues and organs

Syphilis is an acutely contagious disease that poses a danger to others and damages health, and therefore requires immediate examination and treatment in a specialized institution.

Specific treatment is prescribed to a patient with syphilis after the diagnosis is established. The main direction of treatment is the use of antimicrobial drugs that are active against treponema pallidum. A patient with had sexual contact with a patient with syphilis should be examined and, if indicated, receive preventive treatment.

After a full-fledged specific treatment of syphilis, serological blood reactions often remain positive for a long time. Therefore it is necessary to be regularly monitored by a doctor. All std symptoms are complicated, so you should beware.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by gonococcus. Gonorrhea most often affects people 20-30 years old. In most cases, infection occurs through sexual contact. As a rule, women are the source of infection, since their disease can be asymptomatic and difficult to diagnose – possible infection of a newborn from a sick mother during childbirth. Don’t forget about crabs std.

Symptoms of the disease appear 3-5 days after infection. Women have yellowish-white discharge, lower abdominal pain, and intermenstrual bleeding, but there may be no symptoms.

In men, the primary form of infection is gonorrheal urethritis, which is characterized by itching and burning the urethra’s external opening of the urethra, which intensifies with urination.

With the spread of gonococci to other organs, a disseminated gonococcal infection occurs. This affects the joints, skin, brain, heart, and liver. Symptoms alone are not enough to diagnose gonorrhea. Confirmation of the diagnosis by laboratory methods is required.

The diagnosis of acute gonorrhea in men is usually based on smear results. With chronic gonorrhea in men and any form of the disease in women, more accurate research methods are needed – PCR or culture. So, you should use the std testing near me query.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a widespread parasitic disease of the genitourinary tract, equally often affecting men and women. The causative agent is Trichomonas. The incubation period is three days up to 3-4 weeks (on average 5-6 days). Sometimes its important to search for free std testing.

The source of infection is a sick person or a Trichomonas carrier. Infection occurs through sexual contact. It is practically impossible to get infected by everyday means (swimming in a pool or river, in the shower). However, in semen, urine, and water, the pathogen remains viable for 24 hours. Diagnostics is carried out based on clinical signs and laboratory tests.

Treatment is prescribed only after examination and laboratory examination, the severity of the disease, and the patient’s characteristics. Trichomoniasis is treated for all sexual partners if one of them has an infection (Trichomonas). You can buy & use at home std test.

Chlamydia

What is it & what is std? causative agent, chlamydia trachomatis, is an intracellular parasite. It lives only inside a living cell, like a virus, but its structure resembles bacteria. This dual nature and the ability to parasitize inside cells are why it is very difficult to treat chlamydia.

People of any age can get chlamydia. The disease is transmitted sexually, by airborne droplets or by contact. Chlamydia in women can cause bartholinitis, cervicitis, urethritis, salpingo-oophoritis, etc.

Besides, depending on the localization of the pathological process in persons of both sexes, discharge and discomfort in the anorectal region. But more often, this disease proceeds without any symptoms, it is difficult to diagnose it in the laboratory. All this complicates the treatment process, without which serious complications are possible.

Laboratory follow-up: bacteriological examination; direct immunofluorescence with monoclonal antibodies; enzyme immunoassay (ELISA); RNA, DNA hybridization; nucleic acid amplification method, polymerase chain reaction, ligase chain reaction. Patients with urogenital chlamydia should be screened for other STDs! Check the signs of std.

Effective treatment of urogenital chlamydia helps to prevent severe complications and infection of sexual partners and newborns. The STD drugs of choice are antibiotics active against chlamydia trachomatis. With timely detection and adequate treatment, the prognosis is favorable.

Two weeks after the course of treatment for chlamydia, the patient undergoes clinical and laboratory control. Women undergo a controlled study during the next 1-2 menstrual cycles. In men, follow-up continues for another 3-4 months.

Candidiasis

Candidiasis (synonym – thrush) is a fungal disease of the genital mucosa caused by excessive reproduction of yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. It’s important to check std symptoms men & for women.

STD Candida is a microorganism that is constantly present in small quantities in the body of a healthy person (on the skin, in the oral cavity, in the gastrointestinal tract, in the genitourinary system). However, the balance of microorganisms can be disturbed, which leads to excessive proliferation of candida and, as a result, to candidiasis. The following reasons usually trigger exacerbations:

  • Pregnancy, altered hormonal status;
  • Surgical intervention;
  • Endocrine diseases;
  • Infectious diseases;
  • Taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • Taking antibiotics, corticosteroids, cytostatics.

STD Diagnosis of candidiasis (thrush) is carried out based on clinical manifestations and microscopic examination. For the successful treatment of thrush and the prevention of relapse, complex therapy is needed. For the treatment of acute forms of the disease, local antifungal therapy is used. In more complex cases, not only isotropic treatment is required, but also the elimination of predisposing factors.

For the treatment of thrush to be effective, it is necessary to temporarily abandon bad habits, antibiotics, cytostatics, corticosteroids, hormonal contraceptives.

STD Drug prevention

If you have had contact with a non-permanent (casual) sexual partner without a condom, as well as in the event of a break in a condom, contact under the influence of alcohol or drugs, rape, consult a doctor, he will prescribe medication for you (preventive treatment). Prophylactic regimens correspond to those for fresh, uncomplicated infection. Drug prophylaxis after casual sexual intercourse is an extreme (reserve) method of preventing sexually transmitted diseases.

It cannot be performed frequently and cannot be considered as an alternative to the condom. Besides, such prevention does not prevent the development of viral diseases (genital herpes, human papillomavirus/genital warts infection, HIV infection). It is effective only against bacterial venereal diseases (gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, syphilis, trichomoniasis).

You can also convince your casual sex partner to come to an appointment with a venereologist and be examined for sexually transmitted infections. Such diseases always cause significant discomfort and discomfort. That is why you should consult a doctor in time when the first problems with your health appear. You can take the test at home or see your doctor. This is especially important if you have doubts about your potential problems. Technically, there is nothing difficult here. The main thing is to see a doctor and get all the necessary instructions.

If you have had contact with a non-permanent (casual) sexual partner without a condom, as well as in the event of a break in a condom, contact under the influence of alcohol or drugs, rape, consult a doctor, he will prescribe medication for you (preventive treatment). Prophylactic regimens correspond to those for fresh, uncomplicated infection.

Drug prophylaxis after casual sexual intercourse is an extreme (reserve) method of preventing sexually transmitted diseases. It cannot be performed frequently and cannot be considered as an alternative to the condom. In addition, such prevention does not prevent the development of viral diseases (genital herpes, human papillomavirus/genital warts infection, HIV infection). It is effective only against bacterial venereal diseases (gonorrhea, chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, syphilis, trichomoniasis).

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